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How U.S. Law Schools Are Preparing Students For Racial Justice Work



How U.S. Law Schools Are Preparing Students For Racial Justice Work

Though some U.S. law schools have been teaching about the relationship between race, racism and the law for decades, such efforts have intensified since the Black Lives Matter movement started in 2013 and swept across the country.

Several law school professors who specialize in racial justice law told U.S. News that BLM protests galvanized curricular reform campaigns in law schools, leading many schools to begin teaching more thoroughly about the disparate impact of laws and law enforcement methods on marginalized populations.

“It has moved institutions that tend to move more slowly to evolve at a more rapid pace in response to what has been this incredible social moment,” says Vivian E. Hamilton, a law professor at William & Mary Law School in Virginia and founding director of its Center for Racial & Social Justice.

Proponents of these kinds of reforms say that all aspiring attorneys need to have some knowledge about the ways laws and policies can discriminate against people of color and the extent to which seemingly race-neutral rules can have a disproportionate impact on minorities.

According to Hamilton, one catalyst for the momentum behind reforms at U.S. law schools was demand from incoming students, many of whom wanted to become attorneys at least in part because of concerns about racial inequities. Law school leaders and teachers recognized the need to prepare civic-minded students for social advocacy careers, she adds.

In recent years, J.D. programs that previously lacked significant content about race and racism in required courses and had not even offered elective classes focusing on the subject started to do so, law school faculty say.

One sign of the transformation in J.D. programs, these faculty say, is a component of the American Bar Association accreditation standards that was added in April 2022. Revisions that were approved by the ABA House of Delegates through a 348-to-17 vote included a mandate that all ABA-accredited law schools “shall provide education to law students on bias, cross-cultural competency, and racism.”

These lessons need to occur at least twice in a legal degree program – once at the beginning of law school and again prior to graduation. ABA-accredited law schools must comply with this guidance by fall 2023 to keep their accreditation.

Some law school professors have criticized the new ABA rules. A group of 10 Yale Law School professors submitted a jointly written memo to the ABA protesting the proposal. These professors argued that the race-related academic directives “attempt to institutionalize dogma, mandating instruction in matters that are unrelated to any distinctively legal skill, hence intruding on the right and obligation of every professor to determine what to teach in a class and how to teach it.”

Despite some resistance to the incorporation of race-related content into law school courses, those issues are currently covered in core classes at many J.D. programs.

Some U.S. law schools have centers or institutes that focus on the relationship between race and the law, and a few schools mandate that every student take a class about the historic connection between law, policy and racism in the U.S. For example, in fall 2021, the University of Southern California’s Gould School of Law introduced a new required course for J.D. students titled “Race, Racism and the Law.”

Ariela Gross, who helped develop that course and a professor at the law school, says the push to create the class came from multiple directions, including university faculty and the law school student body.

“A basic understanding of the way that race and racism has shaped the law and that law has helped to create racial categories and distinctions is fundamental important knowledge for every lawyer to have, and therefore it should be something that every law student should be exposed to,” says Gross, who has published multiple books about racial justice issues.

According to Gross, one challenge for advocates of this kind of teaching is that there is widespread animosity toward critical race theory.

The premise of critical race theory, a term coined by legal scholars more than 40 years ago, is that racism is embedded into many U.S. laws and government agencies, so much so that it is a systemic problem requiring comprehensive policy solutions. Opponents have recently passed laws in some states banning K-12 schools from teaching CRT, which posits that U.S. society is deeply tainted by racism and the legacy of slavery.


Gross says that much of the resistance to critical race theory is based on misconceptions. “It’s not about making white people feel guilty or some of the things you see in anti-critical-race-theory laws, for example,” she says. “It’s about learning our true history.”

Another change occurring at U.S. law schools is the development of law school centers, clinics and institutes that focus primarily on racial justice issues. Howard University School of Law, a historically Black law school in D.C., offers a “movement lawyering clinic” that provides hands-on training in how to support human rights campaigns for disenfranchised people in the U.S.

“We seek to support campaigns that are promoting racial justice causes, and those campaigns may involve structural changes or they may involve some campaigns to create a change in practices around bail reform or criminal justice reform or reparations or the school-to-prison pipeline,” says Justin Hansford, executive director and founder of the Thurgood Marshall Civil Rights Center at Howard and a professor in the law school.


In law school clinics generally, some students get supervised practice representing individual clients who have cases that relate to racial justice. However, that’s different from what happens in Howard’s new clinic, Hansford says.

“In those campaigns, we work directly with people who are also on the ground seeking to create racial justice in society, and I think that’s irreplaceable,” he says.

Here are some additional examples of law schools that have launched racial justice initiatives, mostly after the onset of Black Lives Matter.




How to Identify a Law School That Excels in Racial Justice Education

The presence of a race-related center, initiative, project or institute at a law school indicates that the school is investing energy and tangible resources into teaching about racial justice issues and preparing people for racial justice careers, says Penelope Andrews, director of the Racial Justice Project at New York Law School, where she is also a professor.

Courses and recent events or lectures about racial justice are also good signs, Andrews says. Future racial justice advocates should see if there are relevant student organizations and clinics at their target law schools and check on whether the schools’ law reviews or journals have published articles about legal issues where race is a major factor, Andrews adds.

Potential students should also investigate whether a law school’s faculty has produced thoughtful scholarship about race and ask students of color whether the school is covering the subject systematically, she says. If a law school does not emphasize racial justice on its website or in its curriculum, Andrews says, lack of interest in the subject “will be apparent in its absence.”

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This thread helps candidates to monitor and easily know the schools that have released admission lists for the 2023/2024 academic session. The post will be updated the moment any school announces the release of its 2023/2024 admission list.

If your school of choice is not on the list at the moment, you are advised to check regularly to know when it has been added. All applicants are also advised to ensure they check their admission status via JAMB CAPS regularly as many schools may not officially announce the release of their admission list but the lists may have been uploaded on JAMB CAPS. 

Admission Lists: All schools that have released admission lists for 2023/2024 session

To proceed to check the available admission lists for 2023/2024, find below, a list of all schools’ admission lists and click on the link indicating the name of the school. This will grant you access to the guidelines on how to check the school’s admission list.

So far, the universities, polytechnics, and Colleges of education that have released their 2023/2024 Admission lists are listed below;

Universities That Have Released Admission Lists

BMU first batch admission list, 2023/2024


UNIMED admission list for 2023/2024

UNILAG Admission List 2023/2024 out

Chrisland University admission list, 2023/2024 available 

Maranatha University admission list, 2023/2024 available

Augustine University admission list, 2023/2024 out

FUPRE admission list, 2023/2024 out

SSU admission list, 2023/2024 out

IAUE admission list, 2023/2024 session out

ABUAD Admission list, 2023/2024 out 

First Technical University Admission list, 2023/2024 out

MOUAU admission list, 2023/2024 available 

OAUSTECH Admission list, 2023/2024 out

GOUNI Admission list, 2023/2024 out

Fountain University Admission list, 2023/2024 out

Crawford University Admission list, 2023/2024 out

ESUT Admission list, 2023/2024 out

Bowen University Admission list, 2023/2024 out

FUOYE Admission list, 2023/2024 out 

Claretian University Admission List 2023/2024 Session Out

Federal University of Health Sciences, Azare admission list, 2023/2024

UNIUYO admission list, 2023/2024 out

NSUK admission list, 2023/2024

BOUESTI releases admission list, 2023/2024

Christopher University admission list, 2023/2024

Bingham University Admission List 2023/2024

Thomas Adewumi University admission list, 2023/2024

Clifford University admission list, 2023/2024

Edwin Clark University admission list, 2023/2024

Ahman Pategi University admission list, 2023/2024

FUDutsin-ma releases admission list, 2023/2024

EBSU Admission List 2023/2024

DELSU UTME admission list for 2023/2024 session

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Covenant University admission list, 2023/2024

Ajayi Crowther University Admission List 2023/2024

Admiralty University of Nigeria admission list, 2023/2024

UMYU UTME admission list, 2023/2024

CRUTECH Admission List, 2023/2024

Dennis Osadebay University admission list, 2023/2024

Bells university Admission List out, 2023/2024

EDSU admission list for 2023/2024 session

KWASU admission list for 2023/2024 session

NDA 75th regular course admission list

Evangel University Admission list, 2023/2024

Polytechnics That Have Released Admission Lists

PTI ND Full-Time Admission List, 2023/2024

Fed Poly Idah ND full-time admission List, 2023/2024

Delta Poly Ogwashiuku  Full-Time ND Admission List, 2023/2024

Fed Poly, Ilaro ND full-time admission list, 2023/2024 out

Fed Poly Bauchi ND admission list, 2023/2024 out

NEKEDEPOLY ND admission list, 2023/2024

Federal Poly Oko ND Admission list, 2023/2024

Ibadan Poly ND admission list, 2023/2024

IMT ND admission list out on Jamb CAPS, 2023/2024

OGITECH  Admission List, 2023/2024

Fed Poly Nasarawa ND Admission List, 2023/2024

Colleges of Education That Have Released Admission List

Federal College Of Education (Special), Oyo admission lists,, 2023/2024

Kwara State COE NCE admission lists, 2023/2024

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Ebonyi State University (EBSU), Abakaliki has released the second batch Admission List for the 2023/2024 academic session. This is to inform all candidates yet to be admitted in the 2023/2024 session that they can proceed to check JAMB CAPS if they have been offered admission.

The 2nd batch of the admission list has been made available on the school’s portal. Candidates can access it via the PDF file below;

EBSU 2nd Batch Merit Admission list, 2023/2024
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Bayelsa Medical University has released the first batch Admission List for the 2023/2024 academic session. This is to inform all candidates who participated in the 2023/2024 Post-UTME of the institution that they can proceed to check JAMB CAPS if they have been offered admission and also can check admission status at
The admission lists can also be found through the link below: CLICK HERE TO VIEW LISTS Candidates are also to proceed to check their admission on JAMB CAPS and either accept or reject the admission.
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